What is Bologna Process?


The Bologna Process is a collective effort of public authorities, universities, teachers, and students, together with stakeholder associations, employers, quality assurance agencies, international organizations, and institutions, including the European Commission.

The main focus is:

  • The introduction of the three cycle system (bachelor/master/doctorate)
  • Strengthened quality assurance
  • Easier recognition of qualifications and periods of study

 Why is it needed?

Widely differing education and training systems in Europe have traditionally made it hard for Europeans to use qualifications from one country to apply for a job or a course in another. Increased compatibility between education systems makes it easier for students and job seekers to move within Europe.

At the same time, the Bologna reforms help to make European universities and colleges more competitive and attractive to the rest of the world. The Bologna Process also supports the modernization of education and training systems to make sure these meet the needs of a changing labor market. This is important as the proportion of jobs requiring high skills grows, and the demand for innovation and entrepreneurship increases.

Find out more about Bologna Process

More about Bologna Declaration